THE ROCK OF AGES

Scripture Testimony to the One Eternal Godhead

of the Father, and the Son, and of the Holy Ghost

by

Edward Henry Bickersteth, M. A.

Copyright © 1871

by

The Bible Scholar

138 Pearl Street New York

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREFACE

THE title-page of this Treatise may sufficiently indicate the line of argument I have attempted to pursue. My standard of reference throughout has been the memorable precept, "Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH is everlasting strength [marg., the Rock of Ages]" (Isaiah 26:4).

That the one Infinite GOD claims our supreme and undivided confidence; that the same confidence is, on the warrant of Scripture, to be reposed in the Father, and in the Son, and in the Holy Ghost; and that therefore Father, Son, and Spirit, are equally GOD over all, blessed for ever, the Triune JEHOVAH, in whose name alone we trust, on whose arm we rely, and whose majesty alone we adore and love:- such is the brief outline of a train of thought indelibly impressed many years ago on my own mind.

Local circumstances, to which I allude in my opening chapter, induced me lately to commit these thoughts to paper. I intended to write only a brief pamphlet. But I found that proofs from the written Word accumulated upon me so rapidly, that I could not duly sketch this most momentous of subjects in so cursory a way. I therefore suffered Scripture as it were to lead me by the hand; until, by compiling and illustrating Bible evidence alone, my little essay swelled to nearly its present dimensions. And, when the rough draught of my manuscript was to some extent completed, I did not scruple to avail myself of the labours of those authors, to which I have from time to time referred, so far as my limited leisure permitted me to consult them.

I especially allude to Dr. Pye Smith's "Scripture Testimony to the Messiah;" my readers will find how much I am indebted to that truly learned and elaborate work. I would also mention a short but valuable treatise, now out of print, by the late Mr. Serjeant Sellon; Dwight's Theology, vol. ii; Wardlaw's Discourses; Serle's Horae Solitariae; Lectures at Christ's Church, Liverpool; Scholefield's Hints; Dr. Gordon's Supreme Godhead of CHRIST; and Jones's Catholic Doctrine of a Trinity; though to many of these authors I have only been able to refer, as isolated passages led me to desire to know their judgment on contested interpretations. And here I cannot refrain from expressing my grateful obligations to my learned and judicious friend, John Ayre, who most kindly looked through the proof-sheets of the first edition, and gave me, on several difficult passages of Scripture, the benefit of his extensive reading.

With respect to the last mentioned book, "Jones's Catholic Doctrine," which contains so much in so brief a space, I had not seen it until my treatise was almost finished. His system of proof is in some respects similar to mine: but even my threefold comparison in the last chapter of this work, which resembles his arrangement the nearest, was commenced before the possession of his work enabled me to enrich this, and two or three earlier sections likewise, with some most apposite quotations gleaned by him from the Word of GOD.

I mention this only to show that my collection of Scriptural evidence was, in the main, independent; for in such a subject, of all others, claims of originality can have no place.

Here eminently χοινα τα των ψιλων. But while speaking of other writers, may I be permitted to urge any, who do not know them, to study some essays "On the Religions of Man and the Religion of GOD," by the late Professor Vinet, of Lausanne? Space alone prevented my quoting at the close of this book, a large portion of his admirable remarks on the mysteries of Christianity. He is not unjustly called the Chalmers of Switzerland.

But after all, our appeal must be to One Book. I have honestly tried to understand the views of sincere Unitarians; but I can come to no other conclusion, than that, while sometimes freely using the language of Scripture with respect to our Lord, they regard Him only as a most highly exalted and divinely endowed CREATURE. In a word, to them He is not GOD. And therefore, on their hypothesis, if men trust in Him for eternal salvation, reposing their entire confidence in Him, they are trusting in a creature, which is idolatry. (Jeremiah 17:5-8). Whereas if they do not so trust in Him, they are rejecting the only name under Heaven given among men whereby we must be saved. (Acts 4:12). From this disastrous alternative, I see no possible escape.

I rejoice to think, however, they are bound down by no definite creed of error. They are, to use their own emphatic expression, "a drifting body." Oh that it might please GOD that the movement amongst the American Unitarians might spread to our own land! And whilst they profess to draw their faith from the oracles of truth, who can despair of their being brought back to the one flock, and the one Shepherd? For "the law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul;" "the entrance of thy words giveth light;" "the sword of the Spirit is the Word of God."

In the humble hope that some may be led to search anew, and to believe at last the Scriptures which testify of JESUS, these pages have been written; and utterly disclaiming all confidence in any other weapons, my one prayer is that the Divine Spirit may cast down imaginations and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of GOD, and may bring into captivity every thought to the obedience of CHRIST.

CHAPTERS

CHAPTER ONE. Introduction. Preparation of heart. Our position before GOD.

CHAPTER TWO. That Scripture, in the Old and the New Testament alike, detaches our ultimate confidence from man the creature, and attaches it to GOD the Creator:-

- by contrasting the sinfulness and feebleness of mortal man with the goodness and omnipotence of the Eternal GOD:

- by direct prohibition and precept:

- by exhibiting the holy jealousy of GOD.

CHAPTER THREE. That Scripture, in the Old and the New Testament alike, requires us to repose our ultimate confidence in the Lord JESUS CHRIST as One who is distinct from the Father:

- as One to whom all the attributes of essential Deity are ascribed.

- as One whose infinite perfections claim supreme trust, adoration: and love.

CHAPTER FOUR. That Scripture, in the Old and the New Testament alike proves the coequal Deity of JESUS CHRIST with that of the eternal Father:-

- by a comparison of the attributes, the majesty and the claims of the Father and the Son:

- by the appearances of GOD to the Old Testament saints;

- by the direct and Divine worship paid to CHRIST:

- by the conjunction of the Father and the Son in Divine offices:

- by explicit assertions that Christ is Lord and GOD.

CHAPTER FIVE. That Scripture, in the Old and the New Testament alike, presents to us the incarnation and the mission of the Saviour, as the extremity of condescension in the Lord, that thereby He might exalt us to everlasting life:-

- the Scriptural order to be observed in this inquiry.

- the moral and spiritual majesty of the incarnation of CHRIST.

- the examination of those passages which assert His humanity by the light of others which assert His Divinity.

- the derived glory to which He raises believers compared with His own essential glories.

CHAPTER SIX. That Scripture, in the Old and the New Testament alike, proves the coequal Godhead of the Holy Spirit with that of the Father and of the Son:-

- as One who is to be distinguished from the Father and the Son:

- as One to whom such personal properties and actions are assigned as prove independent and intelligent personality:

- as One to whom Divine attributes were ascribed and by whom Divine offices are exercised:

- as One worshipped in parity with the Father and the Son:

- as One declared to be Lord and GOD.

CHAPTER SEVEN. That Scripture, in the Old and the New Testament alike, assures us that in the trustful knowledge of One GOD, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, is the spiritual life of man now and for ever:-

- on the mysteries of faith.

- on the revealed evidences of faith.

- on creeds or definitions of faith.

- on the obedience of faith.

- on the full satisfaction of faith.


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